Consuming one's own feces could have potentially harmful consequences as the bowel bacteria are not necessarily safe to ingest, though it is not as risky as eating a partner's feces. [Obsessive-compulsive disorders in general practice. Of note, these patients presented with affective spectrum disorders (bipolar disorder). Beyond disease, what could go wrong? , François Rabelais, in his classic Gargantua and Pantagruel, often employs the expression mâche-merde or mâchemerde, meaning "shit-chewer". We aimed to identify peer-reviewed articles related to the etiology of coprophagic behavior. [, Average age was 71. Without them, they would be unable to get any nutritional value from plants. He did not report any associated command auditory hallucinations but expressed depressed mood as he discussed his reasons for feeling guilty. These feces contain substantial amounts of semidigested food, particularly in the case of herbivores, owing to the inefficiency of the large animals' digestive systems. Byard, et al., 2001. His coprophagic behavior and feelings of guilt did not show any resolution.  The 120 Days of Sodom, a 1785 novel by Marquis de Sade, is full of detailed descriptions of erotic sadomasochistic coprophagia. Harada, K. I., Yamamoto, K., & Saito, T. (2006). Centuries ago, physicians tasted their patients' feces, to better judge their state and condition. (Note: You can view every article as one long page if you sign up as an Advocate Member, or higher). Human Coprophagia Azizi H, Khan T, Canale C, Kallikkadan J, Leung I, Kahn A, Rimawi D, Williams S, Obegolu CM, Paul S, Chaudhry S, Ojimba C, Kodjo K, Olayinka O, Jegede O, Jolayemi A. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Phenomena and Processes 3. Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, pneumonia, and influenza vaccinations are generally recommended for those … In a preliminary paper, they write that there are various hypotheses for this, although none have been proven: Some veterinarians recommend putting meat tenderizer in dogfood, since this makes the feces taste excessively bad to dogs.  Some animal species eat feces as a normal behavior, in particular lagomorphs, which do so to allow tough plant materials to be digested more thoroughly by passing twice through the digestive tract. 40 and Book 3 chap. Outpatient psychiatric services after dismission, Behavioral treatment (mittens and behavioral modification technique), Haloperidol, Lorazepam, Citalopram, Trazodone, Mirtazapine, Valproic Acid, Quetiapine, Coprophagic behavior ceased only when used Haloperidol was used (1-3 mg daily), Reproductive and rewarding activities (sewing, art group, music appreciation group), Coprophagic behavior reduced substantially, behavioral changes, including antecedent manipulation, discrimination training between edible and nonedible items, self-protection devices that prohibit placement of objects in the mouth, sensory reinforcement, differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviors such as screening (covering eyes briefly), contingent aversive oral taste (lemon), contingent aversive smell sensation (ammonia), contingent aversive physical sensation (water mist), brief physical restraint, and overcorrection (correct the environment or practice appropriate alternative responses). The two patients discussed in this report present with symptoms of coprophagia in the context of an acute exacerbation of chronic psychiatric disorders. OK, diseases. Initial assessment was limited as the patient had impoverished speech and was unable to communicate possible reasons for his behavior. When a puppy is after the feces, he is voracious: off he goes like crazy and if you interrupt him he growls and snarls at you. With dogs it is simple; it is an instinct, not their fault. He quotes in his 'Notes of the Traveler' a routine report in one of the Paris newspapers on the recreational equestrian promenade in the Bulone Forest, that favorite park of all Parisians. Rep. Pramila Jayapal swats down the lie that Progressives cost Democrats House seats, Rival Governments Are Often Recipes for Violence and Regional Warfare, House of Death: Trump's Endgame Plan to Kill Democracy, 70 Million Problems with the Biden Conspiracies. Coprophagy refers to many kinds of feces-eating, including eating feces of other species (heterospecifics), of other individuals (allocoprophagy), or one's own (autocoprophagy) – those once deposited or taken directly from the anus.. Domesticated and wild mammals are sometimes coprophagic, and in some species, this forms an essential part of their method of digesting tough plant material. In humans, coprophagia has been described since the late 19th century in individuals with mental illnesses and in unconventional sexual acts. The pellets remain intact for up to six hours in the stomach; the bacteria within continue to digest the plant carbohydrates. With humans it is much harder. The minimum time to resolution of coprophagia reported has ranged from six weeks  to a maximum reported time of twenty-two weeks . Hey, no comedian even mentioned that. 2016 May;263(5):1008-1014. doi: 10.1007/s00415-016-8096-1. McGee, et al., 1989. Trump is Birtherizing Biden-- It Will NEVER Be Over by Rob Kall (With membership, you can see # of pageviews) ", TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, How to reference and link to summary or text, Effective treatment of coprophagia in a patient with schizophrenia with the novel atypical antipsychotic drug perospirone, Escalation of a fetish: coprophagia in a nonpsychotic adult of normal intelligence, Owner Documentation of Coprophagia in the Canine, King County, Washington, Animal Control Section. Steven Barnes, television writer (Twilight Zone, Outer Limits, Stargate) and author of LION'S BLOOD", Top Content Medical disorders associated with coprophagia include seizure disorders, cerebral atrophy, and tumors.