However, their voices are quite different, and they live side by side in eastern Mexico without interbreeding. Couch's Kingbirds are common around woodland edges and near ponds and rivers in southern Texas during the summer, and a few remain all winter there. For comparison purposes, here is the mystery kingbird from Livingston Co., NY, November 2003. 10. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. Larger than a Western Kingbird, smaller than an American Robin. The area of overlap may have been increasing as Couch’s Kingbird expanded its range northward out of the Rio Grande Valley in Texas (Brush 1999). Many insects are caught in mid-air; also hovers briefly while taking them from foliage, and may swoop down to take insects from just above (or on) the ground. Its breeding range extends from the valley of the lower Rio Grande in southern Texas southward through northeastern Mexico to Veracruz and Puebla. Speak out against the Yazoo Backwater Pumps which would drain 200,000 acres of crucial bird habitat. Possibly it has more need for vocal communication because it lives in denser habitat than most. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Note gray head with slightly darker ear patch and whitish throat. Forages mostly by watching from a perch, then flying out to capture insects, returning to perch to eat them. Couch's Kingbird Range Map, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. The global population of this bird is estimated at 1,700,000 individuals and it does not appear to meet population decline criteria that … Nesting behavior is not well known, probably similar to that of Tropical Kingbird. National Audubon Society Watches for flying insects from a perch in a tree, then flies out to capture them in midair with the bill. This bird is seen from the southeastern corner of Texas, … Tyrannus couchii. The distance from the folded secondaries to the tip of the wing (primary extension) is short in the Tropical Kingbird, moderate in the Couch's, and long in the Western. Young: Probably both parents feed young. Pinkish to warm buff, blotched with brown and lavender. Age of young at first flight not well known, probably between 2 and 3 weeks. Present all year in southern Texas, but more common in summer; winter numbers are variable. Also plucks insects and fruit from vegetation while hovering or perched. Best told from Tropical Kingbird by its call, a single "pik" or an intensifying, "pik-pik-pikweer," both with a nasal quality. Age of young at first flight not well known, probably between 2 and 3 weeks. Couch’s kingbirds range from the mid-Texas coast and Tamaulipas south along eastern Mexico into the entire Yucatan Peninsula including Belize and northern Guatemala. As suggested by its scientific name vociferans, Cassin's is our noisiest kingbird (except for the very localized Thick-billed). Recent study has given us a few structural guidelines that are useful in separating some silent birds. Often perches conspicuously in shrubby areas, clearings in tropical forests, and some rural and suburban areas. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. Diet is not known in detail, but apparently feeds mostly on insects, including large ones such as beetles, grasshoppers, wasps, and large flies. Spread the word. Large yellow-bellied flycatcher with gray head, greenish back, and brownish wings and tail. Adults are aggressive in chasing larger birds away from the vicinity of the nest. It is found from southern Texas along the Gulf Coast to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, Belize and northern Guatemala. However, their voices are quite different, and they live side by side in eastern Mexico without interbreeding. Western Kingbird juvenal female wingtip. River groves, scattered trees. The Couch's Kingbird has a large range, estimated globally at 490,000 square kilometers. The species range continues southward along the coastal plain of east Mexico and includes the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize and northeast Guatemala (Brush 1999). the west coast are of Tropical Kingbird (Campbell et al. It is also found in the lower stretches of the Rio Grande river valley, locally named Rio Grande Valley. 44 Perfect Gifts for the Bird and Nature Lovers in Your Life, How the Evening Grosbeak Got Its Misleading Name. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. Timothy Brush Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020 Text last updated January 1, 1999 It’s the least you can do. Relatively long bill. Lives of North American Birds. Geographic Range. Note long, notched tail. Primarily a Mexican species with very limited range in the U.S. where it is found in brushy woodlands, often near water. Distinguished from Couch's Kingbird by voice: sharp twitters, not just single Bald Eagle. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards. Nearly identical to Couch's Kingbird and very similar to other yellow-bellied kingbirds. Fig. It is native to Belize, Mexico, United States, and Guatemala and prefers forest, shrubland, and grassland ecosystems, though it has been known to reside in plantations and urban areas. Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? There is some winter withdrawal from the northern part of the range, in Texas and Tamaulipas. Larger than Western and Cassin's Kingbirds, with richer green back and brighter yellow belly. Learn more about these drawings. Recent study has given us a few structural guidelines that are useful in separating some silent birds. This is the wingtip of the Livingston Co., NY bird, courtesy of Willie D'Anna. This Texas specialty is almost identical to the Tropical Kingbird, and was considered a race of that species until the 1980s. Forages for insects by grabbing them in midair. Flies with stiff wingbeats. The northern range for the Couch's kingbird is the far southern tip of Texas in the Rio Grande Valley and it extends south through the eastern coast of Mexico down through Central America. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Tyrant Flycatchers(Order: Passeriformes, Family:Tyrannidae). The Couch's Kingbird is one of the most southern kingbirds seen in North America. Illustration © David Allen Sibley. Couch's Kingbird juvenal wingtip. 3-4, sometimes 5. Nest site is usually on horizontal limb of tree, 8-25' above the ground. A large bulky flycatcher with a heavy, straight bill, long wings, and a long tail. A yellow-breasted bird with a pale gray head, whitish throat, and gray-brown to slightly greenish upperparts. Couch's Kingbird (small-billed) (L) and Tropical Kingbird (R) These two very similar kingbirds have traditionally been considered inseparable in the field unless heard calling. The Couch’s Kingbird doesn’t seem to wander as much but has been found as a vagrant in eastern North America away from its limited breeding range and should always be ruled out when a potential Tropical Kingbird is encountered anywhere in North America (Hamilton et al. Harness the power of the tweet and up your rarity-finding success. Rarely strays north along Gulf Coast; accidental east to Florida. Also eats some berries and small fruits. Couch's Kingbird (small-billed) (L) and Tropical Kingbird (R) These two very similar kingbirds have traditionally been considered inseparable in the field unless heard calling. The Couch's Kingbird has a large range, estimated globally at 490,000 square kilometers. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Couch’s Kingbird is a permanent resident throughout the central and southern portions of its range. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect this bird’s range in the future. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. Large flycatcher with a bright yellow belly and a long, notched tail. This kingbird is an eastern species similar in appearance to the Cassin's Kingbird, which is seen in the southwestern states. Both Couch's and Tropical kingbirds show extensive white or whitish edging up the length of the tail feathers, while this character seems not to be shown in Western. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. Couch’s Kingbird uses lightly wooded areas such as thorn forest, wooded stream edges, and suburbs; whereas Tropical tends to occupy more open habitats. It is native to Belize, Mexico, United States, and Guatemala and prefers forest, shrubland, and grassland ecosystems, though it has been known to reside in plantations and urban areas. The Couch's kingbird has a gray head with a dark eyeline. In Mexico, may have increased in some areas with partial clearing of forest, decreased in other areas where clearing has been total. Distinguished from Tropical Kingbird by voice: single "pick" or "breer" calls rather than sharp excited twitters. Males have a strident "dawn song," a rising berg-berg-berg-BERG, often heard at first light but rarely later in the day, sometimes confused with song of Buff-collared Nightjar. See more images of this species in Macaulay Library. Text © Kenn Kaufman, adapted from Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. In Mexico, found in semi-open country, roadsides, forest edges. Nest (probably built by female) is a bulky flat cup of twigs, leaves, Spanish moss, weeds, and strips of bark, lined with fine materials such as plant down, rootlets, and softer parts of Spanish moss. Large flycatcher with a heavy bill and a long tail. I have flipped … Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. Dark bill and legs. Couch's Kingbirds are common around woodland edges and near ponds and rivers in southern Texas during the summer, and a few remain … Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? Numbers in Texas probably stable. (Howell and Webb, 1995; Traylor, 1979; Wood and Paulson, 1988) Nests and winters in wooded areas with plenty of edges and openings, including suburbs, wooded stream edges, taller thorn forest, fruit groves, and agricultural areas with tall trees. Details of incubation not well known, but probably by female, a little over 2 weeks.