, At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 53.08% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 21.96% Hindi, 7.68% Urdu, 4.65% Gujarati, 2.35% Bhili, 2.11% Sindhi, 1.33% Telugu, 1.29% Malayalam, 1.18% Kannada, 1.03% Bengali, 0.97% Tamil, 0.50% Punjabi and 0.41% Tulu as their first language..  But, in actual, CIDCO South Navi Mumbai will be MMR's second smart city. Manufacture of basic industrial chemicals including fertilizers, vegetable and animal oils and fats, paints, varnishes and lacquers and other miscellaneous chemical products is another important industry in the district. In 1958, the Govt. This opinion is the result of a political agenda. The city has a good public transportation system with NMMT, the transport wing of NMMC, serving the bus commuters, the Mumbai suburban railway serving the train commuters and a large fleet of auto rickshaws for intra-nodal commute. Although, Navi Mumbai city has population of 1,119,477; its urban / metropolitan population is 18,414,288 of which 9,894,088 are males and 8,520,200 are females. But plans are underway and proposals have been received to revive a disused airstrip for commercial operations near Kalyan.. es un municipio planificado de Bombay en la costa oeste del Estado de Maharastra en India. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has already given techno-feasibility clearance to the airport. Navi Mumbai has a population of 1,119,477 as per the 2011 provisional census. Other than this, CIDCO encouraged private institutions as well. The new Palghar district comprises the seven talukas which it had been proposed to comprise in the putative Jawhar District, with the addition of Vasai taluka. The Board recommended that the new metro-centre or Navi Mumbai as it is now called, be developed to accommodate a population of 2.1 million.. But after the arrival of the harbour railway line extension in 1990s, there was an increase in population.  It had a sex ratio of 880 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 86.18%. The alternative growth pole was to siphon off the over-concentration of jobs and population which further growth would cause in the city and reallocate these on the mainland. The Bombay Metropolitan Region was notified in June 1967 and a Regional Planning Board constituted under the Chairmanship of Shri L.G. The district is situated between 18°42' and 20°20' north latitudes and 72°45' and 73°48' east longitudes. , The proposal is to be tabled before the Maharashtra State government which has appointed an expert committee to study the feasibility of the demand to upgrade the Panvel Municipal Council to a Municipal Corporation.. The nine nodes maintained by NMMC are CBD Belapur, Nerul,Juhu Nagar, Vashi, Turbhe, Kopar Khairane, Ghansoli, Airoli, Rabale, Juinagar and Sanpada as of 1 January 1998, with the physical and social infrastructure already in place. Hence, the local politicians, especially Panvel MLA Prashant Thakur, oppose the merger of all the nodes under one Municipal Corporation citing political conspiracy. The Vaitarna River is 154 km long and has a drainage area that practically covers the entire northern part of the district.  The city has been ranked 12th among 73 cities surveyed for cleanliness and hygiene by the Union Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) and Quality Council of India (QCI) as a part of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan..  The creation of the new Palghar district from the northern and western talukas has now reduced the population of Thane District to some 8,070,032 inhabitants as at the 2011 Census. In education section, total number of literates in Navi Mumbai city are 911,542 of which 519,257 are males while 392,285 are females.  For other uses, see, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Learn how and when to remove this template message, City and Industrial Development Corporation, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, The DY Patil International cricket Stadium, Fr. , The important kharif crops of the district are rice, vari and nachani (finger millet). Chikoos (sapotas) are grown on a large scale at Gholwad. The Tarapur Atomic Power Station which has ushered an era of utilisation of nuclear energy for electricity generation is also situated in the district. On 17 December 1991, Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) was constituted by the state government for maintaining some of the developed nodes of Navi Mumbai. The pulses like Urad, moong and kulith are also grown in this season. MSRTC (Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation) operates direct bus to various city like Pune, Nashik, Shirdi, Solapur, Kolhapur, Satara, Karad, Nagpur, Hyderabad etc.