It is geologically located within the Somali plate.

Ramgoolam lost power in 2014. About two-fifths of the country’s population is younger than age 30. The fauna includes the samber (a long-tailed, dark brown deer), tenrec (a spiny insectivore), and mongoose, as well as a variety of birds and insects. Mauritius is an island of Africa's southeast coast located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar.

The autonomous island of Rodrigues is located 560 km (350 mi) to the east of Mauritius, with an area 108 km2 (42 sq mi). The power struggle between Bérenger and Jugnauth peaked in March 1983. Annual rainfall varies from around 35 inches (900 mm) on the west coast to 60 inches (1,525 mm) on the southeast coast and about 200 inches (5,080 mm) on the central plateau. In 2002, the island of Rodrigues became an autonomous entity within the republic and was thus able to elect its own representatives to administer the island. [174][175] Additionally, they have participated in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) hackathon where they worked on TLS 1.3, HTTP 451 and SSH. The Dutch inhabited the island in 1638, from which they exploited ebony trees and introduced sugar cane, domestic animals and deer. The 2018 Ibrahim Index of African Governance ranked Mauritius first in good governance. (life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined), © Copyright - All rights reserved -, Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of Mauritius, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). He also made Port Louis become a municipality so that the citizens could administer the town through their own elected representatives. Rémy Ollier petitioned to Queen Victoria to allow coloureds in the council of government, and this became possible a few years later. In 2011, the Ministry of Environment & Sustainable Development issued the "Mauritius Environment Outlook Report," which recommended that St Brandon be declared a Marine Protected Area. Mauritius has a mixed developing economy based on manufactured exports, agriculture, tourism, and financial services. Port Louis, A tropical City, Auguste Toussaint. In 1991, a master plan for education failed to get national support and contributed to the government's downfall. [49], After the proclamation of the new 1947 Constitution the general elections were held on 9 August 1948 and for the first time the colonial government expanded the franchise to all adults who could write their name in one of the island's 19 languages. "The GeGaLo index: Geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition". Article 8 of the Treaty of Paris stipulate the cession by France to Britain of Isle de France "and its dependencies, namely Rodrigues and the Seychelles". Dr. Eugène Laurent, mayor of Port Louis, was the leader of this new group; his party, Action Libérale, demanded that more people should be allowed to vote in the elections. Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre lived on the island from 1768 to 1771, then went back to France, where he wrote Paul et Virginie, a love story that made the Isle de France famous wherever the French language was spoken. In the winter months (June -September), carry some light woolen clothing for the cool evenings.

[159] Over the years, Mauritius has been positioning itself as the preferred hub for investment into Africa due its strategic location between Asia and Africa, hybrid regulatory framework, ease of doing business, investment protection treaties, non-double taxation treaties, highly qualified and multilingual workforce, political stability, low crime rate coupled with modern infrastructure and connectivity. The effect of the British exclusionary clause would thus have prevented Mauritius from resorting to the court on the Chagos dispute because it is a member of the Commonwealth.

[154][155][156], Mauritius has a high-income economy, according to the World Bank in 2019. Later in 1971, the MMM, backed by unions, called a series of strikes in the port, which caused a state of emergency in the country. Rapport du Juge Matadeen sur les émeutes de 1999, Imprimerie du Gouvernement, 2000. Mauritius is categorised as "high" in the Human Development Index. On 20 May, thousands of students tried to enter Port-Louis over the Grand River North West bridge and clashed with police.

France considers that the sovereignty of Tromelin island was never transferred to Britain. See if your geographic knowledge points north or south in this journey through Africa.

The island of Rodrigues, an integral part of Mauritius, is located about 560 km (350 mi) off its northeastern coast. The most popular sport in Mauritius is football[190] and the national team is known as The Dodos or Club M. Other popular sports in Mauritius include cycling, table tennis, horse racing, badminton, volleyball, basketball, handball, boxing, judo, karate, taekwondo, weightlifting, bodybuilding and athletics.

Mauritius established diplomatic relations with China in April 1972 and was forced to defend this decision, along with naval contracts with the USSR in the same year. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. To the north of the Chagos Archipelago are Peros Banhos, the Salomon Islands and Nelsons Island; to the south-west are The Three Brothers, Eagle Islands, Egmont Islands and Danger Island. [116] The dodo is prominently featured as a (heraldic) supporter of the national coat of arms of Mauritius. Although the significance of the agricultural sector has diminished with efforts to diversify the economy, it is still important. More than half of the country’s area is arable, and it is almost entirely planted in sugarcane, the major export crop. Updates? [33] In 1911 there were riots in Port Louis due to a false rumour that Dr. Eugène Laurent had been murdered by the oligarchs in Curepipe. [18] The World Bank's 2019 Ease of Doing Business Index ranks Mauritius 13th worldwide out of 190 economies in terms of ease of doing business. The most recent National Assembly Election was held on 10 December 2014 in all the 20 mainland constituencies, and in the constituency covering the island of Rodrigues. Both units are composed of police officers on lengthy rotations to those services. The UK has restricted access to the Chagos Archipelago to casual tourists, the media, and its former inhabitants.

Mauritius is also connected to global Internet infrastructure via multiple optical fibre submarine communications cables, including the Lower Indian Ocean Network (LION) cable, the Mauritius–Rodrigues Submarine Cable, and the South Africa Far East (SAFE) cable.