Unlike his political failures, Maximilian’s religious policies were a far greater success. - Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor Biography, https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/maximilian-ii-holy-roman-emperor-6533.php, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs. The other son was named Conradi. Maximilian's policies of religious neutrality and peace in the Empire afforded its Roman Catholics and Protestants a breathing-space after the first struggles of the Reformation. His religious views and sentiments became a matter of concern causing sufficient scandal during the latter half of the 1550s. He was buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. Spouse/Ex-: Holy Roman Empress, Maria of Austria, siblings: Archduke of Austria, Charles II, Ferdinand II, children: Albert VII, Anna of Austria, Archduchess Margaret of Austria, Archduke Ernest of Austria, Archduke of Austria, Archduke Wenceslaus of Austria, Elisabeth of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, Matthias, Maximilian III, Queen of France, Queen of Spain, Rudolf II, See the events in life of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor in Chronological Order. He was crowned as the King of Bohemia as well. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. OK, Francis Leopold, Grand Prince of Tuscany**, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/370517/Maximilian-II, Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Archduchess Anna of Austria (1 November 1549 – 26 October 1580). This failed because of Spanish opposition. Out of his nine sons and six daughters, two of his sons served as Holy Roman Emperors. Maximilian was the son of Frederick III,… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor — (1459 1519) Born in Wiener Neustadt into the Hapsburg line, Emperor Maximilian I was the son of Frederick III and Eleonora of Portugal. Conquer these questions—and expand your mental empire—in this quiz of emperors, conquerors, and men of war. He allowed religious freedom to Lutheran nobles and knights in Austria but refused to invest Protestant administrators of bishoprics with their imperial fiefs, thus disappointing the hopes of Germany’s Protestant princes. Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Luxemburg, Württemberg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Prince of Swabia, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire, Burgau, Moravia, the Upper and Lower Lusatia, Princely Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Ferrette, Kyburg, Gorizia, Landgrave of Alsace, Lord of the Wendish March, Pordenone and Salins, etc. Kings of Germany family tree. For other uses, see Otto I (disambiguation). Maximilian II, (born July 31, 1527, Vienna, Austria—died Oct. 12, 1576, Regensburg [Germany]), Holy Roman emperor from 1564, whose liberal religious policies permitted an interval of peace between Roman Catholics and Protestants in Germany after the first struggles of the Reformation. Maximilian’s political career started in November 1562, when he was elected as the King of Romans by the electoral college of Frankfurt. etc. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? The religious views of the king of Bohemia, as Maximilian had been called since his recognition as the future ruler of that country in 1549, had always been somewhat uncertain, and he had probably learned something of Lutheranism in his youth; but his amicable relations with several Protestant princes, which began about the time of the discussion over the succession, were probably due more to political than to religious considerations. Yet, although he preserved the right of his subjects to worship according to their beliefs, he succeeded in few of his political aims. Was Genghis Khan’s empire very small? His proposed army reform of 1570, by which the emperor would have controlled the army and would have had to grant his consent before foreign powers could recruit on German soil, was defeated by Germany’s Protestant princes, who suspected an attempt to prevent them from assisting coreligionists abroad and were less willing to grant greater powers to the emperor. Maximilian’s foremost policy as the King and Holy Roman Emperor was to make a thorough reform of the Catholic Church. Married. Archduchess Margaret of Austria (25 January 1567 – 5 July 1633). This arrangement was not carried out, and is only important because the insistence of the emperor seriously disturbed the harmonious relations which had hitherto existed between the two branches of the Habsburg family; an illness which befell Maximilian in 1552 was attributed to poison given to him in the interests of his cousin and brother-in-law, Philip of Spain. Collecting a large army Maximilian marched to defend his territories; but no decisive engagement had taken place when a truce was made in 1568, and the emperor continued to pay tribute to the sultan as the price of peace in the western and northern areas of the Hungarian kingdom still under Habsburg control. On his deathbed he refused to receive the last sacraments of the Church. He suggested that the emperor should have an absolute control over the army and that his consent should be required before any soldier was to be recruited in the empire for foreign service. Henceforth, although he paid lip service to Roman Catholicism, he remained basically a humanist Christian who favoured compromise between the rival confessions. Born in Vienna, he was a son of his predecessor Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547). He successfully preserved the freedom of the Protestant nobility to worship. He was unable, however, to obtain the consent of Pope Pius IV to the marriage of the clergy, and in 1568 the concession of communion in both kinds to the laity was withdrawn. A stillborn son (born and deceased on 20 October 1557). In 1570, Maximilian proposed an army reform that was rejected by the German’s Protestant princes. Maximilian was the born on July 31, 1527, in Vienna, Austria, to Habsburg archduke, Ferdinand I, and Jagiellonian princess Anne of Bohemia and Hungary. Maximilian II (July 31, 1527 – October 12, 1576) was king of Bohemia from 1562, king of Hungary from 1563, and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 until his death. Fears were freely expressed that he would definitely leave the Catholic Church, and when Ferdinand became emperor in 1558 he was prepared to assure Pope Paul IV that his son should not succeed him if he took this step. In 1575, Maximilian was elected by the part of Polish and Lithuanian magnates to be the King of Poland in opposition to Stephan IV Bathory, but he did not manage to become widely accepted there and was forced to leave Poland.