The next four largest metropolitan areas in Mexico are Greater Guadalajara (4.1 million), Greater Monterrey (3.7 million), Greater Puebla (2.1 million) and Greater Toluca (1.6 million),[74] whose added population, along with Greater Mexico City, is equivalent to 30% of the nation's population. [170], Languages in Mexico (by percentage):[171]. [84] A similar situation occurs regarding the distinctions between Indigenous peoples and Mestizos: while the term Mestizo is sometimes used in English with the meaning of a person with mixed indigenous and European blood, In Mexican society an indigenous person can be considered mestizo. Blog - Volg ons op Twitter - Koop een poster - Contact us by email, © December 2019 by, made available under a Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0 IGO:, Bevolkingspiramides van de wereld van 1950 tot 2100, Lijst van landen volgens hun bevolkingsgrootte, Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19), Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population), Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV), Antiretroviral therapy coverage (% of people living with HIV), Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total), Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs (% of children under age 5 with fever), Completeness of death registration with cause-of-death information (%), Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79), Diarrhea treatment (% of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding), GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$), Health expenditure per capita (current US$), Immunization, BCG (% of one-year-old children) - Turberculosis, Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and Tetanus, Immunization, HepB3 (% of one-year-old children) - Hepatitis B, Immunization, Hib3 (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Meningitis, Pneumonia, and Epiglottitis, Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months), Immunization, Polio (% of one-year-old children), Incidence of HIV (% of uninfected population ages 15-49), Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk), Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people), Labor force, female (% of total labor force), Literacy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24), People practicing open defecation, urban (% of urban population), Population ages 65 and above (% of total), Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49), Prevalence of overweight, female (% of female adults), Prevalence of overweight, male (% of male adults), Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5), Prevalence of syphilis (% of women attending antenatal care), Public spending on education, total (% of GDP), Risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care (% of people at risk), School enrollment, secondary, male (% net), Sex ratio at birth (male births per female births), Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults), Suicide mortality rate (per 100,000 population), Tuberculosis death rate (per 100,000 people), Unemployment, total (% of total labor force), According to official statistics —as reported by the National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples or CDI— Amerindians make up 10-14%[110] of the country's population, more than half of them (5.4% of total population) speak an indigenous language and a tenth (1.2% of total population) do not speak Spanish. Zie ook het aantal migranten voor dit land. The northeast region, in which the indigenous population was eliminated by early European settlers, became the region with the highest proportion of whites during the Spanish colonial period. [25] Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese, some via the United States, settled in northern Mexico, whereas Koreans settled in central Mexico. 21% Indigenous Mexicans (Native American), 47% Light skinned-Mexican or white-Mexicans ("castizo"mostly european or "white"european descendent), 1% Asian-mexicans (mostly asian or asian descendent), 0.1% Afro-mexicans (mostly black or black descendent). [40] Approximately 30% of emigrants come from rural communities. [129] The Mongolian spot appears with a very high frequency (85-95%) in Asian, Native American, and African children. [45][46][47][48] According to the Pew Hispanic Center the total number of Mexican-born people had stagnated in 2010 and then began to fall.[49]. This makes Mexico City the most populous metropolitan town in the Western Hemisphere. The fusion between Arab and Mexican food has highly influenced the Yucatecan cuisine.[144]. For more info, see the Middle Eastern Mexicans section. [4] Throughout most of the twentieth century Mexico's population was characterized by rapid growth. Gypsies came to Mexico from Spain during the colonial period. In 2019, population for Mexico was 127 million persons. [37], In spite of that, emigration of Mexicans continued throughout the rest of the 20th century at varying rates. The authors assert that rather than whites and mestizos having higher birthrates, the reason for the indigenous population's numbers decreasing lies in their suffering higher mortality rates due to living in remote locations rather than in cities and towns founded by the Spanish colonists or in being at war with them. Yanga) and in some towns in northern Mexico. "From Traitors to Heroes: 100 Years of Mexican Migration Policies", "Población total por grupos quinquenales de edad según sexo, 1950 a 2005", "Tasa de crecimiento media anual de la población por entidad federativa, 1990 a 2005", "Tasas de inmigración, emigración y migración neta por entidad federativa, 1995–2000", "Mexican Immigration to the U.S.: The Latest Estimates", Proyecciones de la Población de México 2005–2050, Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision, "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics", "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI)", "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía - Temas estadísticos", Asociaciones de Inmigrantes Extranjeros en la Ciudad de México. After the Mexican-American community, Mexican Canadians are the second-largest group of emigrant Mexicans, with a population of over 50,000. Only a few speak any Arabic, and such knowledge is often limited to a few basic words. [41] In 2000, 260,650 emigrants returned to Mexico. [143], Immigration of Arabs in Mexico has influenced Mexican culture, in particular food, where they have introduced Kibbeh, Tabbouleh and even created recipes such as Tacos Árabes. The majority of Mexico's native Afro-descendants are Afromestizos. The population density of Mexico in 2019 was 64.94 people per square kilometer, a 1.1% … [14] This has led to decentralization and rapid economic growth in Mexican states (and cities), such as Quintana Roo (Cancun), Baja California Sur (La Paz), Nuevo Leon (Monterrey), Querétaro, and Aguascalientes. Today, the most common Arabic surnames in Mexico include Nader, Hayek, Ali, Haddad, Nasser, Malik, Abed, Mansoor, Harb and Elias. Mexican laws regarding nationality by birth are very open. [36] In 2000 approximately 20 million American residents identified themselves as either Mexican, Mexican-Americans or of Mexican origin, making "Mexican" the sixth-most cited ancestry of all US residents. foreign citizens granted Mexican nationality by the Secretariat of Government (Ministry of the Interior); foreign citizens married to a Mexican national, whether by birth or naturalization. Mexico 2020 population is estimated at 128,932,753 people at mid year according to UN data. [120] Surveys that account for phenotypical traits and have performed actual field research suggest rather higher percentages: using the presence of blond hair as reference to classify a Mexican as white, the Metropolitan Autonomous University of Mexico calculated the percentage of said ethnic group at 23%. Instead the majority, especially those of younger generations, speak Spanish as a first language. "Racismo, falso mestizaje y desigualdad social en México", "México sin mestizaje: una reinterpretación de nuestra historia", "Indicadores seleccionados sobre la población hablante de lengua indígena, 1950 a 2005", "Mexico - History, Geography, Facts, & Points of Interest", "POBLACIÓN DE 5 AÑOS Y MÁS POR ENTIDAD FEDERATIVA, SEXO Y GRUPOS LENGUA INDÍGENA QUINQUENALES DE EDAD, Y SU DISTRIBUCIÓN SEGÚN CONDICIÓN DE HABLA INDÍGENA Y HABLA ESPAÑOLA", "Comision Nacional Para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indigenas - México", en el año de 1808 aproximadamente el 60% de la población de lo que sería México pertenecía a la categoría étnica de indígena, el 18% eran europeos o de origen europeo (de los cuales la inmensa mayoría eran criollos nacidos en México), "Household Mobility and Persistence in Guadalajara, Mexico: 1811–1842, page 62", "Ser mestizo en la nueva España a fines del siglo XVIII. 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While Mexico is now transitioning to the third phase of demographic transition, close to 50% of the population in 2009 was 25 years old or younger. There are Historians such as Gonzalo Aguirre-Beltrán who claim[when?] "In 1637 the military force maintained in the islands consisted of one thousand seven hundred and two Spaniards and one hundred and forty Indians."