It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro.  The majority of them migrated after the Partition of India and subsequent creation of Pakistan in 1947.  The Sardar Sarovar Project, a debated dam project in the Narmada valley consisting of a network of canals, has significantly increased irrigation in the region. ", "Upen Patel proposes Karishma Tanna inside Bigg Boss, her craze is rising outside! , The Morvi dam failure, in 1979, resulted in the death of thousands of people and large economic loss. Most notably, from 1705 to 1716, Senapati Khanderao Dabhade led the Maratha Empire forces in Baroda.  Palitana is the world's only mountain with more than 900 temples. INDIA, Post-Gupta (Gujura Confederacy). Gujaratis first went to the UK in the 19th century with the establishment of the British Raj in India. But its a lie. As per the census of 2011, the state has a sex ratio of 918 females for every 1000 males, one of the lowest (ranked 24) among the 29 states in India. , Statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad, There are two international airports (Ahmedabad and Surat), nine domestic airports (Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar, Kandla, Porbandar, Rajkot, Vadodara, Amreli, Keshod), two private airports (Mundra, Mithapur) and three military bases (Bhuj, Jamnagar, Naliya) in Gujarat. Mofussil Services – connects major cities, smaller towns and villages within Gujarat. One megawatt (MW) solar power project set up at Chandrasan, Gujarat uses solar panels fixed over a 750-metre stretch of an irrigation canal. The Gujarati community in Hong Kong is tiny but nevertheless contributed to progress and growth of Hong Kong over the years.  Sindhi presence is traditionally important here following the Partition of India in 1947. Luso-Indians, Anglo-Indians, Jews and Parsis also live in the areas. , Gujarati parents in the diaspora are not comfortable with the possibility of their language not surviving them. There is clear historical evidence of trade and commerce ties with Egypt, Bahrain and Sumer in the Persian Gulf during the time period of 1000 to 750 BCE. The British East India Company wrested control of much of Gujarat from the Marathas during the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1802–1803. Historically, the north was known as Anarta, the Kathiawar peninsula, "Saurastra", and the south as "Lata". Religious sites play a major part in the tourism of Gujarat. Being the major trade gateway and departure harbour of pilgrim ships to Mecca, it gave the Mughal Empire free access to the Arabian sea and control over the rich commerce that passed through its ports.  In the late 19th century, mostly Sikhs, were brought on three-year contracts, with the aid of Imperial British contractor Alibhai Mulla Jeevanjee to build the Uganda Railway from Mombasa to Kisumu by 1901, and to Kampala by 1931. However, the Gujarat Electricity Board switched to flat tariff rates linked to the horsepower of pumps, which increased tubewell irrigation again and decreased the use of electric pumps. 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