[17] It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. [61] The majority of them migrated after the Partition of India and subsequent creation of Pakistan in 1947. [146] The Sardar Sarovar Project, a debated dam project in the Narmada valley consisting of a network of canals, has significantly increased irrigation in the region. ", "Upen Patel proposes Karishma Tanna inside Bigg Boss, her craze is rising outside! [84][85][86], The Morvi dam failure, in 1979, resulted in the death of thousands of people and large economic loss. Most notably, from 1705 to 1716, Senapati Khanderao Dabhade led the Maratha Empire forces in Baroda. [187] Palitana is the world's only mountain with more than 900 temples. INDIA, Post-Gupta (Gujura Confederacy). Gujaratis first went to the UK in the 19th century with the establishment of the British Raj in India. But its a lie. As per the census of 2011, the state has a sex ratio of 918 females for every 1000 males, one of the lowest (ranked 24) among the 29 states in India. [192], Statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad, There are two international airports (Ahmedabad and Surat), nine domestic airports (Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar, Kandla, Porbandar, Rajkot, Vadodara, Amreli, Keshod), two private airports (Mundra, Mithapur) and three military bases (Bhuj, Jamnagar, Naliya) in Gujarat. Mofussil Services – connects major cities, smaller towns and villages within Gujarat. One megawatt (MW) solar power project set up at Chandrasan, Gujarat uses solar panels fixed over a 750-metre stretch of an irrigation canal. The Gujarati community in Hong Kong is tiny but nevertheless contributed to progress and growth of Hong Kong over the years. [97] Sindhi presence is traditionally important here following the Partition of India in 1947. Luso-Indians, Anglo-Indians, Jews and Parsis also live in the areas. [57][58][59], Gujarati parents in the diaspora are not comfortable with the possibility of their language not surviving them. There is clear historical evidence of trade and commerce ties with Egypt, Bahrain and Sumer in the Persian Gulf during the time period of 1000 to 750 BCE. The British East India Company wrested control of much of Gujarat from the Marathas during the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1802–1803. Historically, the north was known as Anarta, the Kathiawar peninsula, "Saurastra", and the south as "Lata". Religious sites play a major part in the tourism of Gujarat. Being the major trade gateway and departure harbour of pilgrim ships to Mecca, it gave the Mughal Empire free access to the Arabian sea and control over the rich commerce that passed through its ports. [135] In the late 19th century, mostly Sikhs, were brought on three-year contracts, with the aid of Imperial British contractor Alibhai Mulla Jeevanjee to build the Uganda Railway from Mombasa to Kisumu by 1901, and to Kampala by 1931. However, the Gujarat Electricity Board switched to flat tariff rates linked to the horsepower of pumps, which increased tubewell irrigation again and decreased the use of electric pumps. AR Drachm (25 mm, 3.84 g, 9h)", "Blame the British Raj on bankers – Livemint", WINGS Birding Tours to India: the West – Gujarat and the Rann of Kutch – Itinerary, "Excerpted from 'Indira Gandhi, the "emergency", and Indian democracy' published in, "Book on 1979 Morbi dam disaster rubbishes 'Act of God' theory", "Death sentence for Akshardham temple attack convicts upheld", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Welcome to Indian Institute of Sindhology", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Gujarat", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", State Govt Announces 23 New Talukas – DNA : Daily News & Analysis | HighBeam Research, "Raman Singh breaks Modi's record to be longest serving BJP CM", "Narendra Modi to complete 12 years as Gujarat's chief minister tomorrow", "Reliance commissions worlds biggest refinery", "Claim Check: Narendra Modi on Gujarat's Jyotigram Yojana", "Executive summary of month of November 2015", "Survey says Gujarat has lowest unemployment; Narendra Modi is 'delighted, "India's tallest proposed building Diamond Tower showcased (video)", "In pictures- The Next Decade's fastest growing cities", "In Pictures: The Next Decade's Fastest-Growing Cities", "The rise and rise of Belgium's Indian diamond dynasties", "Vibrant Gujarat sees one foreign investor, the Business Standard", "Gujarat aims at 15% industrial growth: Rediff.com Business", "How Gujarat became a power surplus State", "Gujarat sold surplus power to 12 states", "Tata Power commissions 25 MW solar project in Gujarat", "Next-Gen Solar Energy Hub: Gujarat, India: Story of Capacity allotment of solar power projects in Gujarat", "Gujarat State Renewable Energy Policy: Solar", "Agriculture and Co-operation Department, Government of Gujarat: Information, Statistics", "Gujarat's agriculture turnaround an eye opener for the entire nation: Dr. Kalam", "About Gujarat State Agriculture Marketing Board", "Amul to become world's largest liquid milk brand-Food-Cons.