My parents, Robert Al”fred” and Louisa Midgley, met whilst serving with the R.A.F. This discrepancy might be explained if the higher figure includes the 2,500 allotted to Scotland in their 1945 first tranche(5). [3] They are an example of the use of "prefabs'" to deal with the post-war housing shortage in the UK. Swedish houses, Columba Place, Benbecula, SWEDISH POST-WAR PREFABRICATED HOUSES, a narrative by Neil Midgley. Who doesn't love an A-frame home? A memo from Frederic Marquis, the Minister of Reconstruction, to the War Cabinet on 14th December 1944 requested that the Minister of Works be authorised “to purchase from Sweden up to 30,000 prefabricated timber houses of a type which would be suitable for permanent dwellings, especially in rural districts.” (1). However he spent the time designing kits for prefabricated houses which conformed to the recommendations of the 1944 UK government report Planning our New Homes. The September 1946 Treasury letter goes on to say, “The maximum quantity which could be made available to the UK is now put by the Swedes at 3,000”(7). We love this sleek black siding when paired with a bright beam that makes it pop. I hope your house is on the list! Moving Prefab Museum Archive - submissions and puzzles! A personal Case Study: Pool-in-Wharfedale, Leeds, West Yorkshire. Whilst this is understandable it leaves those of original appearance as ever increasing rarities. 5 February 2015 at 10:11PM edited 30 November -1 at 1:00AM in Mortgages & Endowments. In some cases the construction work was carried out by Prisoners of War who had not yet been repatriated. We've already gushed over "hygge" and stunning Swedish interior design, but this time we're looking outside. [2] They were a gift of the Swedish government. “Next place in position keel-plates to main building commencing with 1-5 and thereafter sections 1-4, -3, -2 and -1”(7). We adore this stark black home as seen on appareilarchitecture; it's both practical and beautiful. They were described as ‘permanent’ but even so were given a life expectancy of only 60 years. The lack of daylight for much of the year means Scandinavian homes embrace natural light when they have it. best wishes, Hi just to say I recently moved into a Swedish house, it as plastic cladding on the outside the original fireplace remains pretty much the whole house/bungalow is pretty much the same design as first built apart from the kitchen as been modernised I love this house it is unique in every way, […] Yorkshire, which is still in his family. Like the houses, these bungalows also have kitchen, larder, store room and coal house. On the first floor there are three bedrooms and a bathroom/WC. It was presumably in response to this reply that a Mr Calverley, representing the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, attended their July 1947 meeting with a letter from the Minister “stressing the urgent need for more agricultural dwellings”(3). They married in 1946 and, like many newly-weds unable to find a home of their own, had no choice but to move in with my father’s parents. The Swedish scheme was administered separately from the main 1944 Temporary Housing Programme. In June 1946, “Mr Whiteley reported contract for erecting of Swedish houses from Wardman accepted”(4) at a total cost of £7,674. Building your house with a prefab system (be it pre-cut, elements or modules), will require that you do a certain amount of work on your site before the construction of the structure starts and after the construction ends.. Thus it seems that whilst there are fewer locations in Scotland, there are far more actual homes than in England and Wales. As already determined, the Swedish houses generally erected in England and Wales were Type A, pairs of semi-detached houses, and Type D, pairs of semi-detached dormer bungalows. By the end of World War Two there was a severe shortage of housing in Britain. Off this is a dining room with an open fireplace and ‘French Window’ doors opening to the garden. Another popular and durable material in Swedish homes is concrete, and this stunner seen on est_living's Instagram is proof that it can be truly beautiful. The stark black is very Scandinavian-inspired, while the bright yellow door adds a bit of sunshine, even in the depths of winter. 21 posts. Scandinavian wooden prefabricated houses had been introduced to Scotland in 1920, with Dundee Corporation building 556, Aberdeen Corporation 76 and from 1937 the Scottish Special Housing Association 350. Because wood is affordable and plentiful in Sweden, it's widely used in construction. We can almost taste the hot, hygge-status tea brewing inside. The black exterior is utterly Swedish—and though the space fits only a bed, it feels airy and open against the trees and greenery. The huge paneled windows and the natural wood siding allow it to blend seamlessly into the surrounding trees. Pool-in-Wharfedale, West Yorkshire, Swedish dormer bungalow front view. However, by far the majority in Scotland were erected in larger estates within towns and cities. It was decided that, “the rents of all the Council’s houses at Pool and Bramhope be increased to 8/3d per week as from the date upon which the first Swedish Timber House becomes occupied.”(3) This resulted in a letter protesting against the proposed increases being signed by twenty of their existing tenants in Pool. Your email address will not be published. Mystery prefabs - can you help us locate them from this list? Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. An increasing number of homes, especially those which remain Council owned, are being clad in order to extend their longevity and to bring them up to more modern standards of insulation. Another key element of Scandinavian exteriors is the use of nature in the design. All are still occupied today (2020). (4) Pool Parish Council minutes (still held by the PPC), (5) www.hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1945/oct/23/swedish-timber-houses, (6) www.hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1949/feb/25/swedish-houses-scotland, (7) National Archives, File HLG 101/50 Swedish houses general correspondence (8) National Archives, File CRES 36/163 Swedish permanent prefabricated cottages, Prefab Homes by Elisabeth Blanchet, published by Shire Library 2014, ISBN-13: 978 0 74781 357 6, http://my1940-swedish-timber-house.weebly.com, https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1392257, www.henleystandard.co.uk/news/news.php?id=840639, Wikipedia.org/wiki/Prefabs_in_the_United_Kingdom, Thank you. [1] The Housing (Temporary Accommodation) Act 1944 planned the building of 300,000 prefab houses in Britain over the next four years. In fact the majority of the original Millcroft Estate residents were not employed in farming but, like my father, in the paper mill operated by B. S. & W. Whiteley Ltd. on the outskirts of the village. prefabricated) homes to tackle the shortage. There is a further fitted cupboard to the left of the fireplace. “…. Type A were pairs of semi-detached houses, whilst the majority were pairs of Type D semi-detached dormer bungalows A pair of the dormer bungalow style at Auckley, near Doncaster, South Yorkshire, have been awarded grade 2 listed status by Historic England. The 1944 memo suggests that the cost of a house would be about £240 on import with a total of more than £7,000,000 being paid to Sweden. The homes are cleverly designed so they are highly efficient and eco-friendly. By now you know that Scandinavian architecture is all about becoming one with nature, and what better way to feel like you live in nature than this window-filled cabin from Cabin Porn? However, the Swedish houses were held in such high regard that when, in the early 1960s, the opportunity arose they asked the Council for a move down the street to number 33. The raw, natural materials and expansive windows help to highlight the pool as a focal point. They're also often designed to withstand the elements, whether that means keeping the cold out or the heat in. (1) Memorandum from the Minister of Reconstruction to the War Cabinet, entitled, ‘Prefabricated (Permanent) Timber Houses From Sweden’, dated 14th December 1944. Flat pack houses are highly insulated with a range of cladding systems and most are made from timber so they are energy efficient. had received a letter from the ‘West Riding War Agricultural Executive Committee’, asking for information as to the number of individual applications for council houses that they had received “from Agricultural Workers and for the number of new houses proposed to be allocated for the use of Agricultural Workers.”(3)  The Council replied that they were not aware of any such applications and that they had no plans to designate any of the houses being erected as solely for Agricultural Workers. Like this simple-but-gorgeous black siding house from amandaciurdar, Swedish homes are understated in the very best way. Originally they were simply addressed as the Swedish Houses, Mill Lane, but were later incorporated into Millcroft Estate when that was built by the Wharfedale Rural District Council between 1948 and 1949. Since then, “Many of these Swedish prefabs have been lost due to deterioration caused by climate, alteration, or demolition”(2) but many have survived beyond their 60 years and are still very valued homes today. In April 1947 the Wharfedale R.D.C. This arrangement continued until they became the first occupants of number 25 Millcroft Estate, a newly built standard brick council house, on 7 February 1949. A kitchen range and fire heated the hot water cylinder, concealed in a cupboard alongside, and a tub in the ‘wash house’. That's why we've rounded up even more gush-worthy Scandinavian homes you're sure to love. This stunning pool house by Lundberg Design is everything we dream of and more. Under the, Housing (Temporary Accommodation) Act 1944, the Ministry of Works was to provide 500,000 ‘Emergency Factory Made’ (i.e. Some of the homes were allocated in small numbers to rural locations, including the Isles of Orkney, Shetland, and several of the Western Isles. Again, it's built to with its environment in mind, and fits into the mountain it sits upon seamlessly. 3 replies 1.4K views Kryptothesuperdog Forumite. Caxton, Cambridgeshire, Swedish houses, 33 & 34 Millcroft Estate,, Pool in Wharfedale, West Yorkshire, Swedish Houses in Leverburgh, Harris, Scotland, October 2012, Swedish dormer bungalow. There is already an acute shortage, and this will be accentuated after the war as (a) the production of more live-stock and live-stock products, which will be necessary if agriculture is to help our foreign exchange position, will entail more labour, and (b) we shall want to train numbers of ex-Servicemen for agricultural and rural pursuits.”(1)  The various types of prefab bungalows being planned/erected in urban areas were deemed to be both too temporary and unsuitable in design to meet the requirements. Immediately below is an article headed, “Hitler Suicided in Berlin”, an indication of the importance the editor placed on the house building programme! The first programme for the erection of Swedish houses comprised 2,500 houses started in 1945 and is not yet completed owing to the failure of the Government to ensure the steady and regular supply of components and materials. 10 Inspiring Exterior House Paint Color Ideas, 9 A-Frame Houses Built for Outdoor Enthusiasts, This Is What to Expect With Swedish Style Decorating, 10 Classic Features of a Craftsman-Style Interior, The Nordic Nursery: Kid Rooms With Scandinavian Style, 15 Ways to Use Patterned Wood in Your Home, 13 Best Instagram Accounts for Fans of Mid-Century Modern, 18 Homes With Monochromatic Color Schemes. The small bedroom has a shorter fitted wardrobe over the stairs. This tiny home by the sea in Stokkøya, Norway from asante has a small profile but big style. The prefabricated sections were first stored at Otley before being erected along Mill Lane in Pool (Postcode KS21 1LT, Ordnance Survey Grid Ref: SE245453).