Frederick III, byname Frederick the Wise, German Friedrich der Weise, (born Jan. 17, 1463, Torgau, Saxony—died May 5, 1525, Lochau, near Torgau), elector of Saxony who worked for constitutional reform of the Holy Roman Empire and protected Martin Luther after Luther was placed under the imperial ban in 1521.. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Heidelberg, city, Baden-Württemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. Frederick is credited with having the ability to sit out difficult political situations patiently. As per tradition, they spent a night outside the walls of Rome before entering the city on 9 March, where Frederick and Pope Nicholas V exchanged friendly greetings. Frederick III was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1452, following the death of his father. In some smaller matters, Frederick was quite successful: in 1469 he managed to establish bishoprics in Vienna and Wiener Neustadt, a step that no previous Duke of Austria had been able to achieve. Corrections? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. On 2 January 1487, however, before Frederick's change of heart could be communicated to his daughter, Kunigunde married Albert. Then, historians still enjoy speculating if Frederick III lived and ruled beyond 1888. Mary soon made her choice among the many suitors for her hand by selecting Archduke Maximilian of Austria, the future Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, who became her co-ruler. Although Frederick initially survived the procedure well, he died on 19 August 1493 in Linz at the age of 77. The Elector of Bohemia was not invited because the Bohemian spa law might have been claimed by the Hungarian King Corvinus. This coronation took place on the morning of 16 March, in spite of the protests of the Milanese ambassadors, and in the afternoon Frederick and Eleanor were married by the pope. Updates? History Themes. [5] This led to conflicts between Frederick and other members of the royal family and nobility. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. ::What if German Kaiser Friedrich III would have lived and a civil war would have broken out in Germany in the 1890s between liberals and conservatives? Although Frederick supported Bismarck in the war of 1866, in general the “blood and iron” aspects of Bismarck’s domestic and international policies were alien to him. Despite the influence of his wife’s liberal ideas, he favoured a strong central government and at times exceeded the prime minister and chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, in willingness to exert pressure on the allied German princes. He held his second cousin once removed Ladislaus the Posthumous, the ruler of the Archduchy of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia, (born in 1440) as a prisoner and attempted to extend his guardianship over him in perpetuity to maintain his control over Lower Austria. A tracheotomy in February 1888 was too late. Frederick III, king of Denmark and Norway (1648–70) whose reign saw the establishment of an absolute monarchy, maintained in Denmark until 1848. Frederick's personal motto was the mysterious string A.E.I.O.U., which he imprinted on all his belongings. Conquer these questions—and expand your mental empire—in this quiz of emperors, conquerors, and men of war. Her dowry would help Frederick alleviate his debts and cement his power. Upon the death of his uncle Duke Frederick IV in 1439, Frederick took over the regency of Tyrol and Further Austria for the duke's heir Sigismund. Nevertheless, by his dynastic entitlement to Hungary as well as by the Burgundian inheritance, he laid the foundations for the later Habsburg Empire. death early frederick iii ww1; Home. In 1424, nine-year-old Frederick's father died, making Frederick the duke of Inner Austria, as Frederick V, with his uncle, Duke Frederick IV of Tyrol, acting as regent. Frederick III, byname Frederick the Pious, German Friedrich der Fromme, (born Feb. 14, 1515, Simmern, Ger.—died Oct. 26, 1576, Heidelberg, Rhenish Palatinate), elector Palatine of the Rhine (1559–76) and a leader of the German Protestant princes who worked for a Protestant victory in Germany, France, and the Netherlands.. Frederick adopted Lutheranism in 1546 and Calvinism somewhat later. This page was last edited on 10 September 2020, at 08:35. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). When the queen gave birth to Ladislaus the Posthumous, as according to the stipulations, Frederick took on his guardianship. In 1887 Frederick showed symptoms of cancer of the throat. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Since February 1493, Frederick's health deteriorated increasingly. His ascension to the role of emperor came with the stipulation that should the previous queen give birth to a male heir, Frederick would become his guardian. During his reign, Frederick concentrated on re-uniting the Habsburg "hereditary lands" of Austria and took a lesser interest in Imperial affairs. WDR-Zeitzeichensendung 1415 - Der Geburtstag von Kaiser Friedrich III. How did Frederick III differ from his son Wilhelm II? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... 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